Seals of University of Copenhagen through time flanked by the
entrance and the front of the University. The first seal is the
original from 1479. The second was used in the period 1820-1894.
History of University of Copenhagen
The University of Copenhagen is the first university to be founded in
Denmark. The University is a centre of Roman Catholic theological
learning, but also has faculties of Law, Medicine and
The University is re-established after the Reformation, now as an
Evangelical-Lutheran seminary. The present seal of the University
dates from this year.
King Frederik II founds the 'Kommunitet' (the Community), which
provides 100 students with free food. In 1623 they are also given free
accommodation by King Christian VI at Regensen, the royal hall of
Introduction of degree examinations: Theology (1675), Law (1736),
and in 1788 all faculties.
The British bombard Copenhagen; most of the University buildings
are destroyed. The main assembly hall of the University is temporarily
moved to Regensen.
The new main building of the University is inaugurated. Extensive
building work continues until the end of the century. The
University Library, the Zoological Museum, the Geological Museum,
the Botanical Gardens and greenhouses, and the Technical
The faculties are restructured: The University Faculty of Medicine
and the Academy of Surgeons merge to form the Faculty of Medical
Science (1842); the Faculty of Law is reorganised and becomes the
Faculty of Jurisprudence and Political Science (1848); the Faculty
of Mathematics and Science is separated from the Faculty of
The first female student is enrolled at the University.
Explosive growth. Student numbers rise from about 6,000 to about
26,000 with a correspondingly huge growth in the number of
employees. Large new university buildings include the new
Zoological Museum, the H.C. ěrsted and August Krogh Institutes, the
building complex at Amager and the Panum Institute.
New educational structure. The Bachelor program is made
mandatory in virtually all subjects.
New University Statute promulgated, one aim of which is to simplify
and strengthen the management structure and the autonomy of the
Plans for new buildings, including for the Faculty of Humanities at
Amager (ěrestaden) and a Biotechnology Centre, are approved.